A2 German Economy in the 1930s

Not my revision notes, but I am not entirely sure who these notes belong to. They give a neat, brief summary of key points of the 4 Year Plan.  If anyone wants to claim ownership of these notes, send me a message.


Nazi Economic Policy (pre-WW2) revision notes

GCSE Sudetenland Crisis

One GCSE topic that causes confusion is regarding the Sudetenland.   Pupils need to understand what Hitler wanted, how he tried to get it, the three conferences (Berchtesgaden, Godesberg and Munich) and why it was so important in the tensions leading up to WW2.

The notes below sum it up.

The Sudetenland Crisis

AS Unit 1 Quick revision quiz

If you think you have revised everything thoroughly, use some of these questions to test yourself.  See if you know the majority of answers.  If not, check if you have missed a topic.

You will not necessarily know everything, but you should be able to answer the majority.

Quick revision quiz for Unit 1

AS Stolypin’s reforms

No specific easy to use notes here, but since I know that this is a topic that I have been asked about with a view to revision, a  useful link on what Stolypin did as reforms is:



Also check out these notes.  Not my work, but I was sent a copy by someone.  If anyone wishes to claim credit for this set of revision notes, please message me and I will rectify this omission.

Stolypin’s agrarian reforms

AS Lenin’s consolidation of power immediately after the Bolshevik takeover

Other notes on here cover the wider issue of Bolshevik consolidation of power 1917-24 but these notes are focussed specifically on the immediate aftermath of the revolutionary takeover.

The notes are organised on cards and coloured in categories to help with revision.  Either use it as a sheet, or cut them out and use them as prompt cards to remind you of the key issues.  You could even given the cards to a friend or relative and ask them to test you.


Lenin’s decisions cards

AS – Russian Civil War notes

The Russian Civil War is an important aspect of how Lenin was able to retain his hold on the country, although other factors were important as well.  An AS student who has revised well should know:

  • Who fought in the civil war and why;
  • Why the war started;
  • Why the Reds won the war despite appearing as the weaker party initially;
  • What the impact of Civil War and War Communism was on Russia.

The notes below will help you to consolidate your knowledge on the first three bullet points, though you will need to also look at your notes on War Communism and NEP to fully understand the fourth bullet point.

Civil War notes

AS – How did the Bolsheviks consolidate power, 1917-24?

One topic that is key on the Russian History unit is on the topic of the consolidation of power, 1917-24.  This is a topic that AS students tend to find intimidating, though in reality it need not be so complicated.

The key is to realise that the answer lies in connecting all of the topics that you already revised, such as War Communism and NEP, and using them to explain how the Communist government maintained its hold on power.  The notes below cover the main points, though not the detail.  Therefore you will need to have your own notes to hand to fill in the gaps with detail where this summary links key issues together.

Bolshevik consolidation of power

Quick topic reference

Click here to go to the whole list of revision notes for:

Edexcel A2 Unit 3 – Germany 1900-1945

Edexcel AS Unit 1 – Russia 1881-1953

AQA GCSE Unit 1 – International Relations

WJEC GCSE Unit 3 – USA 1929-2000

Alternatively, use the “categories” list on the lower left of the screen to find more specific topic areas.

GCSE – The Paris Peace Conference

At GCSE, you need to make sure that you understand the Paris Peace Conference and Treaty of Versailles.  Essentially it was a court case for dealing with Germany, except that they had made up their minds as to the outcome before they even started.  One reason that it is so important is that it connects to later topics in the causes of WW2.  If the Germans were not treated so harshly, and if they had ot been cut out of the conference, it would not have been possible for Adolf Hitler to appeal to the people so much and win popularity and power.  And if the Russians had not been excluded from the conference, perhaps relationships might have been a little better and Stalin might not have made the Nazi-Soviet Pact with Hitler.  Remember to think about how it all links together.

You need to know:

  • Who was at the peace conference and who was not.
  • Who the Big Three were.
  • What each of the Big Three wanted.

In a later set of notes, I will post up revision notes on what the Treaty of Versailles did to Germany.  Watch this space.

Paris Peace Conference

GCSE – League of Nations

One topic which sometimes throws GCSE pupils is that of the League of Nations.  This is usually because they forget the structure, or cannot remember the examples of successes and failures.  The attached notes give you the basics of what you need to learn.  It might not be the most exciting of topics, but don’t be tempted to skip it in your revision.

Enjoy, or at least try to…

League of Nations summary