The Russian Civil War is an important aspect of how Lenin was able to retain his hold on the country, although other factors were important as well. An AS student who has revised well should know:
- Who fought in the civil war and why;
- Why the war started;
- Why the Reds won the war despite appearing as the weaker party initially;
- What the impact of Civil War and War Communism was on Russia.
The notes below will help you to consolidate your knowledge on the first three bullet points, though you will need to also look at your notes on War Communism and NEP to fully understand the fourth bullet point.