The attached file summarises how successful Collectivisation was for the Communist Party in the USSR. The crucial point is to realise how, despite the apparent failings of the deaths and suffering, the policy would still be considered a success overall by those in charge. This may seem a strange idea, but the aims of collectivisation were quite specific:
- Control the peasants in a way that brought them into line but minimised active opposition;
- Produce sufficient food and surplus workers to support the growing industrial centres;
- Ensure an excess of food to sell abroad for additional financial input.
When you read the document, make sure that you understand that even “failures” might not be deemed a failure according to the aims of the plan.