Quick topic reference

Click here to go to the whole list of revision notes for:

Edexcel A2 Unit 3 – Germany 1900-1945

Edexcel AS Unit 1 – Russia 1881-1953

AQA GCSE Unit 1 – International Relations

WJEC GCSE Unit 3 – USA 1929-2000

Alternatively, use the “categories” list on the lower left of the screen to find more specific topic areas.


History Revision Blog

Please feel free to use the notes on this blog for revision purposes, or as class notes.  However I would be grateful if, in return for the time that I have spent putting these notes together, you could take the time to comment or like the items that you use to give me some feedback.  I would also be grateful if the name and weblink were retained on the document so that other teachers and students might find this site and benefit.

Equally, should you spot any factual errors, or just wish to debate any assertions in the notes, please get in touch via the comments.

Currently this revision site contains notes for:

AQA GCSE Modern History B – Unit 1 International Relations (these notes are also relevant for Edexcel Modern History A Unit 1 International Relations)

Edexcel AS Unit 1 – Russia 1881-1953

Edexcel A2 Unit 3 – Germany 1900-1945

Of course they may be relevant to other courses, but please check your own spec for what you are studying.

Mr. B. Armstrong, Subject Leader for History, Ripley St. Thomas C of E Academy

Re-post – An Enthusiastic Send-Off for WWI Soldiers

An Enthusiastic Send-Off for WWI Soldiers.


This blog post caught my eye.  Particularly the photos of the send off of soldiers to WW1.

I suggest that pupils studying WJEC GCSE look at them (for your controlled assessment) as well as students of AQA GCSE (Unit 1, International Relations), Edexcel GCSE (Unit 1, International Relations), Edexcel AS (Unit 2, Experience of Warfare) and Edexcel A2 (Unit 3, Germany 1900-45 and Controlled Assessment, British Warfare).

GCSE – US Economy between 1929 and 1960 notes

The irony of the “American Dream” of 1950s USA

A lot of the WJEC Unit 3 paper (USA 1929-2000) focuses on economic aspects of the USA.  You need to understand the Depression, Hoover and Roosevelt’s attempts to fix the economy, and the economy during and after WW2.  These notes will not replace your class notes, but they might help you to pick out the key points.

The notes are based upon the revision class at Haslingden High School in the half term holidays.


US Economy revision notes

AS – The October Manifesto and the Duma

In October 1905, the Tsar proclaimed the October Manifesto in response to the revolution that had become wildly out of hand.  This appeased many of the protestors, mainly the middle classes, and it was enough to break the unity of the revolution so that government troops could put an end to the disturbances.  But before long, the Fundamental Laws had been passed and these clearly showed that the Duma was not to be the force for democracy that the people of Russia had expected.  In time, the Duma became a key factor in the 1917 Revolution in which the Tsar was forced to abdicate.

The document attached shows the original decrees in English – it shows what the Tsar promised, and what he actually introduced.

October Manifesto and the Duma

Historyrevision goes techno… Twitter style!

Yes, it is true. Despite my lack of technical ability (interest?) I have set up a twitter account. I have been told that this will make it easier for students and interested people to follow the notes and be made aware of new topics.

Find (follow?) me with @historyhhs where I will tweet (twitter?) updates on my latest notes.



AS – Causes of the 1905 Revolution

One key topic is why the 1905 revolution happened – these notes cover the main causes in brief and then in detail.

Causes of 1905 revolution

AS – 1905 Revolution – the events

This set of notes covers what happened in the 1905 Revolution.  Enjoy.


1905 Revolution events

AS – Political Parties in 1905

In October of 1905, Tsar Nicholas II conceded a number of rights to the people of Russia in the October Manifesto.  Although he never meant to honour the main terms, ultimately Nicholas had to follow through with the provision of an elected Duma in May 1906.  One term of the Manifesto in relation to this was the legalisation of political parties.  This meant that in 1905, several political parties legally came into existence where previously they had either not existed or been illegal, often exiled, political opposition groups.

For AS Unit 1, you need to have a general view of the main parties and what they wanted from the Duma.  Key knowledge includes:

  • Was the party left or right ring?
  • Which parts of the population supported them?
  • Did they favour or oppose the Tsar?
  • Did they wish further reform to happen or consider the state of affairs in 1905 to be complete?


Check out these notes for info on the parties:

Russian Political Parties in 1905

GCSE AQA – Question B

Answering the 6 mark questions on the AQA version of the International Relations paper can be tricky.  The notes below were written to help you to focus on what needs to go into the answer.

AQA 6 mark source question technique

GCSE – The Outbreak of WW2

David Low’s fabulous cartoon “Rendevous” presenting the Nazi-Soviet Pact in a comedy manner. Revise the Nazi-Soviet Pact in the notes to the left.

Notes below follow on from the Munich Conference.  They cover the fall of Czechoslovakia, Nazi-Soviet Pact and outbreak of WW2 over Poland. I advise you to not revise this until you understand the Sudeten Crisis.  (Guess what – I already posted notes on the Sudeten Crisis. https://historyrevision.wordpress.com/2012/05/17/gcse-sudetenland-crisis/)




Outbreak of WW2 revision notes

GCSE Moroccan Crises

Attached are some revision notes on the two Moroccan Crises.  Make sure you know:

  1. What happened in the two crises;
  2. How the two crises are similar and different;
  3. Why the two crises (especially the second) created more tension in Europe and contributed to the outbreak of WW1.

Morocco Crises revision notes